English translation of. Holy Akaranga Sutra. English translation by Hermann Jacobi taken from Contents: Introduction. Akaranga Sutra: First Book: 1. Knowledge of the weapon. 2. Conquest of the world. 3. Hot and cold. 4. Righteousness. 5. Essence of the. Gaina Sutras, Part I – The Akaranga Sutra, The Kalpa Sutra [transl; F. Max Muller Hermann Jacobi] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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But ascertain before what sort of man he is, and whom he worships. Then, after a time, he falls in sickness; those with whom he lives together will first leave him, and he will afterwards leave them. We have seen, heard, acknowledged, thoroughly understood, in the upper, nether, and sidelong directions, and in all ways examined it: But, unfortunately, it is not at all clear whether the sacred books have been handed down in that language in which they were composed, or in that in which they were pronounced, and transcribed in later generations, according to the then current idiom, till Devarddhi’s edition put an end to the modernising of the language of the sacred books.

He who sees by himself, needs no instruction, But the miserable, afflicted fool who delights in pleasures, and whose miseries do not cease, is turned round in the whirl of pains.


He is called a hero who liberates the bound, above, below, and in the sideward directions. For there is nothing inaccessible for death.

If a mendicant falls sick, let him again take food. He who knows [3] wrath, knows pride; he who knows pride, knows deceit; he who knows deceit, knows greed; he who knows greed, knows love; he who knows love, knows hate; he surta knows hate, knows delusion; he who knows delusion, knows conception; he who knows conception, knows birth; he who knows birth, knows death; he who knows death, knows hell; he who knows hell, knows animal existence; he who knows animal existence, knows pain.


He akarwnga walk about, when tired of lyingor stand with passive limbs; when tired of standing, he should sit down. Adopting the akarya’s views, imitating his indifference for the outer worldmaking him the guide and adviser in all one’s matterssharing his abode, conquering sinfulnessone sees the truth; unconquered one should be one’s own master, having no reliance on anything in the world. For if the twenty-five Buddhas were worshipped by the Buddhists aksranga the first centuries after the Nirvana, the belief in twenty-four Tirthakaras is equally old, as it is common to the Digambaras and Svetambaras, who separated probably in the second century after the Nirvana.

Sometimes he did not reach a village there in Ladha. Some do not remember what preceded the present: Sjtra single mendicant, having received some food, might eat what is good, and bring what is discoloured and tasteless; as this would be sinful, he should not do so. The Jews and akarangq Parsis may be adduced as instances in favour of the former view, the Roman Catholic church as one in akarangw of the latter. But if the lodgings, viz.

That man will be liberated from death; he is a sage who sees the danger [3], knowing the highest good in this world, leading a circumspect life, calm, guarded, endowed with knowledge,always restrained, longing for death, he should lead a religious life. As I have destroyed here [1] the connection with the world, so is the connection elsewhere difficult to destroy. Similarly, some know akranga their soul is born again and again, that it arrives akarang this or that direction, whatever direction that may be.

Perceive sutar as its true character. A monk or a nun on a begging-tour should not accept such-like raw substances as seeds or sprouts, growing on the top or the root or the stem or the knots of a plantlikewise the pulp or blossoms of the plantain, cocoa-nut, wild date, and palmyra, trees.

Acharanga Sutra – Wikipedia

Knowing this, a wise man, who knows the world and has cast off the idea of the world, should prudently conquer the obstructions to righteousness.


Having acquired it i. It also describes the penance of Mahavirathe Great Akraanga. It describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: All the disciples of Buddha bear other names than those of Mahavira.

But the Gainas fully concur in the Brahmanic theory of the Atman, with only this difference, that they ascribe to the Atmans a limited space, while the Brahmans of the Sankhya, Nyaya, and Vaiseshika schools contend that the Atmans are co-extensive with the universe.

This truth, propagated by the self-knowing omniscients, after understanding all there is in universe, is pure, undefileable, and eternal.

Some akarznga say unto others who follow the same rules of conduct, or live in the same place, or wander from village to village, if they have received agreeable food and another mendicant falls sick: That man is called a true monk.

Sometimes, though a monk be endowed with virtue and walks in righteousness, living beings, coming in contact with his body, will be killed. When a monk a,aranga a nun knows that. It may be thence inferred that the Purvas related controversies held between Mahavira and rival teachers.

Holy Akaranga Sutra

A monk or a nun on a begging-tour should not accept any such-like raw unmodified substances as sugar-cane, which is full of holes, or withering or peeling off or corroded by wolves; or the points of reeds or the pulp of plantains.

The hand and the vessel are wet. The greatest difficulty in translating these parts is caused by the numerous technical terms, some of which remain obscure, notwithstanding the explanation of the commentary; others again are simply transcribed into Sanskrit by the scholiast, and seem to require no definition akatanga be understood by the modern Gainas. That man is called a true monk.