Esophageal atresia is a congenital medical condition (birth defect) that affects the alimentary tract. It causes the esophagus to end in a blind-ended pouch rather. Oesophageal atresia with or without tracheooesophageal fistula, OA, Congenital atresia of the esophagus with tracheo-esophageal fistula. Esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is the most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus. The improvement of survival.

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Indeed, mortality is currently limited to those cases with coexisting severe life-threatening anomalies. Risk factors for short- and long-term morbidity in children with esophageal atresia.

Published online Jul Transanastomotic nasogastric feeds may be commenced on the second or third postoperative day and when the infant is swallowing saliva, oral feeds may be started. Colonic interposition for esophageal replacement in children remains a good choice: The primary correction of EA and Taresia is the best treatment option in the absence of severe malformations[ 35 – 38 ].

An early diagnosis gives a better chance of a good outcome.

atresoa The third theory combines elements of the first two and suggests that rapid growth of the tracheal diverticulum occurs in concert with a mesenchymal septation of the PDT, separating the trachea from the esophagus.

Caustic esophageal strictures in children: The infant will be positioned to help drain secretions and decrease the likelihood of aspiration.

Esophageal atresia

Orphanet J Rare Dis. Occasionally, this finding may not have any clinical relevance to the physician or to the patient, who may be able to swallow satisfactorily[ 2 ].

Congenital anomalies of the tracheobronchial tree, lung, and mediastinum: The failure rate of fundoplication carried out in the first three months of life is excessively high [ 68 ]. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. Abstract Esophageal atresia EA with or without tracheoesophageal fistula TEF is the most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus. The confirmation of the diagnosis of EA should be made with a simple chest X-ray using air as contrast in the proximal pouch to avoid aspiration of contrast fluid.


Thoracoscopy is not indicated for the correction of long-gap EA, as this defect requires more invasive dissection and there may be difficulty with the anastomosis of the proximal esofahus distal portions of the esophagus, leading to an increased surgical time, which does not justify the minimally invasive repair[ 34 ]. High-dose omeprazole in esophagitis with stenosis after surgical treatment of arresia atresia.

Oesophageal atresia | Radiology Reference Article |

The vertebralanomalies in oesophageal atresia are mainly confined to the thoracic region and are responsible for later development of scoliosis. This manuscript provides a literature review of the current knowledge regarding EA. The distal pouch in esophageal atresia — to dissect or not to dissect, that is the question.

The claim that the presence of 13 ribs is associated with long-gap atresia has not been substantiated. The advantage of using the colon is the presence of long marginal arches, which dsofagus for ample mobilization of extensions to the cervical region. Primary respiratory complications, such as recurrent bronchitis, pneumonias, wheezing illnesses, daily coughing and bronchiectasis are common in patients with repaired EA, but become less frequent with time[ 96 – ].

Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports.

Current knowledge on esophageal atresia

Congenital atresia of the esophagus. The presence of associated malformations could provide clues as to the possible aetiology of oesophageal atresia. The infant with a major cardiac anomaly resulting in severe cyanotic episodes will need to undergo a shunting procedure prior to correction of the oesophageal atresia. Via a left anterolateral thoracotomy or a median sternotomy, the arch of the aorta is exposed after excising the lateral lobe of the thymus.

A method for repairing long-gap esophageal atresia using magnets has been developed, that does not require replacing the missing section with grafts of the intestine or other body parts.


The reconstruction of the esophagus using only its atresic portions is preferable to the use of any other material, even in cases eeofagus long-gap EA[ 40 – 46 ].

Owing to proximity, pouch ballooning can cause tracheal occlusion. Emergency ligation of the distal tracheooesophageal fistula Generally, the operative correction of an oesophageal atresia is not regarded as an emergency procedure.

Management of esophageal atresia.

Oesophageal atresia

Esofagjs causes the esophagus to end in a blind-ended pouch rather than connecting atressia to the stomach. Postoperative management When the oesophageal anastomosis has been performed under tension, the infant is electively paralysed and mechanically ventilated for five days postoperatively. Monitoring of vital signs and vascular access should also be performed as precautionary measures. Lambert R, Hainaut P. In addition, environmental factors have been suggested to increase the risk for the development of tracheoesophageal anomalies[ 15 ].

Swallowing food or liquids may be difficult atresoa to problems with the normal movement of foods and liquids down the esophagus peristalsisand scarring that can occur in the esophagus after surgery as the wounds heal, which can partially block the passage of foods. Congenital esophageal atresia EA represents a failure of the esophagus to develop as a continuous passage. Esofzgus repair of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: The upper atresic esophageal pouch is identified with downward tension on an oro-esophageal tube, and its dissection is facilitated by the placement of a traction suture at the end of the pouch.

As a fetus is growing and developing in its mother’s uterus before birth, different organ systems are developing and maturing.