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And, of course, our youths were favorite because of their moral and physical superiority.

Feudal obligations of the raya were, in the beginning, less unbearable than these given to domestic gentlemen in the period before Ottoman conquest. They are usually the only source of information for lots of people, accordingly and most influential. Ottoman Empire is presented as unstable state, descending into corruption, with permanent aggravation of a position of the Christians.

Approaching the end of essay, I would like to pay attention to efforts aiming to curtail these stereotypes, efforts which give their first results in revision of textbooks, changed views towards the national past, more critical and more historical approach to the problem of Ottoman reign V.

It is particularly emphasized gimnaizje history textbook for the first grade of gymnasium. Authors of the textbooks are not bimnazije informed about how frequently devshirme took place and also where.

Profil Klett | Spajamo ideje. Stvaramo znanje.

Much more relevant aspect than its chronological and territorial problem is its substance. First edition M. I would mention just a few interesting details. In the lesson about protection of nature sic!


Perovic, M Strugar, Istorija za 7. Novakovic, Istorija za 3. From historiography through educational system, myth is transferred to the people.

KNJIŽEVNI VREMEPLOV 4, čitanka za četvrti razred gimnazije

Without intention to be cynic or to diminish its importance, it should be honest and confess rzared, except the general remarks about severity of the Turks, nothing about devshirme is understandable for the students.

Based on more or less acceptable arguments in its first half, the real myth begins in tragic fatal predestination which explains all misfortunes of modern Serbian state, all political, economic and cultural failures. Given in the simplest interpretation, the myth could be displayed as such: The idea of disturbing, undesirable and dangerous otherness is the dominant idea in portrayal of Ottoman government, the Turksin citnaka textbooks in Serbia.

I was in a position to use these materials by kindness of D. It also supports the mythical character of the question. razerd

Textbooks for the first four grades of elementary education give even more vivid picture of cruel and uncivilized otherness. Citankw references in the end of the text. Pregled istorije jugoslovenskih narodaI-II, Beograd The image remains negative citan,a all. Jugovic, Istorija srednjeg veka za vise razrede gimnazijeBeograd This textbook allows to get more measured picture about Ottoman period, but more emotional, too, when compared with textbooks from period after The World War the Second, including modern textbooks.

But from historical point of view it is a serious problem, reflecting the gi,nazije range of unsolved national crises, crises of identity, territorial and ethnical feuds. Thus, the myth is born: Where are or were the borders of their national area, if such area exists at all? In July, with new Serbian President there was inaugurated the old-new Serbian hymn. Such situation in politics and historiography is fertile ground for speculations and manipulation of these who are used to mythologize, aiming on creation of public consciousness.


Sparavalo, Istorijska gmnazije za 7.

In the view of this example, it is interesting to mention another general remark given by the author of the textbook: Sometimes the myth gets also the form of joke: Of certain importance is the fact that this textbook gave some remarks which are affirmative for the Ottoman government. I also tried to cover wider chronological space in order to show that negative and biased picture of the Ottoman reign appears as structural element in textbooks, a kind of continuity during very changeable history of education in Serbia in XX century.

But, through the rational use of natural and social potentials, our economy has good conditions for development. Following simplified pattern of political, cultural, and economic backwardness, corruption and anarchy, all textbooks support the idea that the Ottomans disabled development of the Serbs for centurieswhile other European peoples were developing their culture and economy.