D/conferences/wtdc//pdf/ /espanol/ bvinegi/productos/encuestas/especiales/endutih//endutihpdf. Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia productos/ encuestas/especiales/endutih//ENDUTIHpdf. (, November 17). watch?v=L2f/cmjbqpA Hundley, H., & Shyles, L. (). y Uso de Tecnologías de la Información en los Hogares (ENDUTIH)

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These same disparities are reflected in the access between rural and urban population or between population groups in terms of gender or age. In Europe it has reached 7.

Digital connectivity is a legitimate, rising aspiration. A longing by millions of human beings all over the world. On the other hand, the inquiry set out to evaluate the situation prevailing in the population deciles that are the most connected taking Internet access in Private Inhabited Homes or PIH as an indicator as opposed to the deciles that were the least connected in each of the fourteen municipalities under analysis.

Monopolization, and therefore lack of competition, inconsistent regulations, lack of efficient authorities to regulate the market and insufficient infrastructure, among many other factors, were the points indicated by the OECD as the variables that explained a distorted development fraught with contradictions: In fact, only five of the 14 municipalities taken as a sample have a schooling average for this population segment that surpasses the state average.

As mentioned, for the analysis at the AGEBs level, this exercise considered a 14 municipality sample equivalent to Inequality on the subject of ICT access is in keeping with the inequality prevailing in other areas of the national socioeconomic geography Arredondo, b.

Review of Telecommunication Policy and Regulation in Mexico. Many of the inequalities that operate in the analogical field manifest in the field of the digital realm. So, according to INEGI itself, the adjustments in the information-collection methodology do not allow analyzing comparatively the results from and with those revealed in previous surveys conducted since the year This is a clearly painted digital divide.

On the other hand, if we analyze the behavior of the educational variable taking into account only the population 15 years or older with a maximum schooling degree equivalent to middle school that is, a lower degree of schooling it is possible to observe the following tendencies: Therefore, we are in the presence of an intra-municipal digital divide See Table 3.

In fact, connectivity has become a development indicator praised by both national and international agencies International Telecommunications Union -ITU, ; World Bank, The gap that separate the population segments with greater opportunities to access ICT benefits from those who are marginalized are generally adjusted to the prevailing wellbeing and development patterns. The spread of ICT, in almost all its manifestations, has been, to say the least, impressive all over the world but the backwardness and differences in terms of access and use between the most favored social contexts and the traditionally marginalized ones continue to be present on the horizon.


According to INEGI data, the proportion of users is considerably greater in those states that have a higher level of development than in the states with greater rates of marginalization and poverty. Thus, for example, while in Europe the percentage of households with Internet access in the year was about 82 per cent, in Africa the proportion barely reached In turn, in the same span of time mobile broadband multiplied four times reaching 3.

To this end, we selected ten per cent of the AGEBs within each municipality that declared to have greater Internet access upper decile and it was compared with the ten per cent of the AGEBs, within the same municipality, which declares to have the least access lower decile.

The situation is not the same in any of those states than it is in Korea or Denmark. The analysis presented here is made up of three sections, all of them tending to explore the importance of the educational factor as a variable that is associated with differential access to ICT among the population of the state of Jalisco, and consequently with its digital connectivity levels. Thus, education expresses its relationship with digital connectivity and it proves that the population segments with the highest educational levels are more present on the World Wide Web and, consequently, they are the ones that would be, in principle, in a position of less marginalization.

Conectividad y desigualdad digital en Jalisco, México

The development objectives established by the United Nations in this sector were expressed in the World Summit on the 20010 Society held in the Geneva and Tunis Conferences. These contexts are characterized, among other features, by the prevalence of free, competitive markets prone to innovation, with relatively high-income populations and satisfactory aptitudes to use information and communication technologies. According to the World Bank report:.

Sign in to annotate. Mahmoodi Role of information technology in business revolution. In the year97 of every one hundred households in South Korea had Internet connection, while in Mexico City the proportion was around 50 per cent and in a state enduutih as Oaxaca in the southern part of Mexico the 20010 was These were the most remarkable movements on the subject of ICT during the first fifteen years of this century in Mexico.

In this sense, the results of the Jalisco situation reveal tendencies that confirm the national and global reality, inequality:.

It is a tendency that is illustrated in greater detail when considering also differential accesses that are not only of a regional character but also those concerning the characteristics of the population groups that inhabit the state. Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism.


This article was elaborated with the support of Oscar Cruz. The information that derives from the census exercise reveals that the gaps are not only apparent inter-municipally, but also intra-municipally.

Let us not forget that this is a service that until recently was mostly controlled by only one of the companies that work in this market and which has been the object of particular interest by the people who designed the Telecommunications reform.

At the end of it was reported that the program had reached over 85 access points and it was expected that the year would end with the goal of access points SCT, December 15 th As a result it is of extreme importance to provide training that allows the opportunity for change, which is increasingly necessary due to the overwhelming competition from online agencies. It is more urgent in some than in it is in others, but nonetheless it is global after all.

Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services

In turn, the position occupied by Mexico in the Americas is not something to brag about at all. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 5 22 Strategic use of information technologies in the tourism industry. Even taking into consideration the reasonable methodological doubts, it is clear that conditions for accessing ICT in the Mexican context, though they are inserted in an expanding market, also show contrasts or undeniable inequalities when compared with the situation both outside and within the national territory.

Part II Issue Digital marginalization, one of whose basic expressions consists in the impossibility of having access to the ICT and the Internet in particular, is an additional manifestation of social marginalization. Following the global tendency, while mobile telephony lines expand, landline telephone lines are now a decreasing minority.

It should be pointed out, however, that the regional index represents an average with broad variations.

National Survey on Availability and Use of Information Technologies in Households (ENDUTIH)

The most alarming sign probably lies in the fact that between andMexico dropped nine spots in the general classification. As we had already pointed out, byBaja California Sur had already quadrupled the proportion of households with Internet access with respect to that of Oaxaca, and it had tripled the proportion of households with access to paid television.

De Gruyter – Sciendo. And such context, fraught with risks and contradictions, is described synthetically by this institution in the following terms: